What is Orthodontics?

What is Orthodontics?

What is orthodontics, and why is it important? When you think about a beautiful smile, straight and aligned teeth likely come to mind. This desire for perfectly aligned teeth has driven many people to seek orthodontic treatment. In this blog, we’ll look at the world of orthodontics, exploring its purpose, benefits, and the various treatment options available to help you achieve that dream smile.

Understanding Orthodontics

This is a specialized field of dentistry that focuses on diagnosing, preventing, and correcting misaligned teeth and jaws. The word “orthodontics” itself is derived from two Greek words: “orthos,” which means straight or correct, and “odontos,” which means tooth. Together, they emphasize the goal of orthodontic treatment: to achieve properly aligned teeth that function harmoniously.

The Importance of Orthodontics

  1. Improved Aesthetics: One of the most apparent benefits of orthodontics is the enhancement of your smile’s appearance. Straight teeth contribute to a confident and attractive smile, boosting your self-esteem and overall well-being.
  2. Better Oral Health: Straight teeth are easier to clean, reducing the risk of oral health issues such as tooth decay and gum disease. Properly aligned teeth also prevent excessive wear and tear, promoting long-term dental health.
  3. Enhanced Functionality: Orthodontic treatment can improve the functionality of your bite, making it easier to chew food and speak clearly. It can also alleviate issues like jaw pain and discomfort.
  4. Prevention of Future Problems: Addressing misaligned teeth early can prevent more severe dental problems from developing in the future. It’s an investment in your long-term oral health.

Common Issues

Orthodontic problems can manifest in various ways, with each case being unique. However, some common issues that orthodontists regularly address include:

  1. Overcrowding: When there isn’t enough space in your mouth for all your teeth to align properly, overcrowding occurs.
  2. Spacing: Conversely, spacing issues arise when there are gaps between teeth due to missing teeth or teeth that are too small.
  3. Overbites and Underbites: These issues occur when the upper and lower jaws don’t align correctly, leading to an overbite (upper teeth protruding too far) or an underbite (lower teeth protruding too far).
  4. Crossbites: A crossbite happens when some teeth in the upper jaw sit behind the corresponding teeth in the lower jaw when you bite down.
  5. Open Bites: An open bite occurs when there is a gap between the upper and lower teeth when the mouth is closed.

Orthodontic Treatment Options

Orthodontic treatment has come a long way over the years, offering a variety of options to suit different needs and preferences. Some of the most common treatment methods include:

  1. Braces: Traditional braces consist of metal brackets and wires that gradually move your teeth into the desired position. They are highly effective and suitable for various orthodontic issues.
  2. Invisalign: Invisalign is a popular alternative to traditional braces. It uses clear, removable aligners that are virtually invisible, making it a discreet option for straightening teeth.
  3. Lingual Braces: Lingual braces are similar to traditional braces but are placed on the back of your teeth, making them less noticeable.
  4. Retainers: After completing orthodontic treatment, retainers help maintain the newly achieved alignment by preventing teeth from shifting back to their original positions.

The Orthodontic Journey

Orthodontic treatment typically begins with a consultation, during which your orthodontist will assess your oral health, take X-rays, and create a personalized treatment plan. The actual treatment duration varies depending on the complexity of the case but generally ranges from several months to a few years.

Regular follow-up appointments with your orthodontist are essential to monitor progress and make any necessary adjustments. It’s crucial to maintain good oral hygiene during orthodontic treatment to prevent any potential issues.


In summary, orthodontics is a specialized field of dentistry that focuses on aligning teeth and jaws to enhance aesthetics, improve oral health, and promote overall well-being. Whether you opt for traditional braces, Invisalign, or another treatment method, the goal remains the same: to achieve a beautiful and functional smile that you can proudly share with the world.

If you have concerns about misaligned teeth or other orthodontic issues, don’t hesitate to call Dr. Prida. He has the expertise and knowledge to create a tailored treatment plan that will set you on the path to a healthier, more confident smile. Remember, investing in orthodontic treatment is an investment in your future oral health and overall happiness. If you want straight teeth and would like more information,  schedule an appointment online or call 214-613-1500 today.